Patterns are generally followed before an article of clothing is sewed. Patterns can range from very simple to the more sophisticated patter that a sewer calculates using a mathematical formula based on the wearers measurements. There are haute couture, French for high sewing, fashion designs. A couture garment has some extreme portions added to them and made of unusual material. Complex designs are complex to come up with since they entail drafting and refitting dozens of times, and takes a lot time to come up with a final patter.
Simple pattern sewing needs only a few tool for sewing, starting from needle, measuring tape and sewing shears to thread cloth. Complex patterns need only a few more sewing tools to get the job done, but the number of sewing aids available keeps on growing, such as attachments for presser foot for sewing ruffles or glue for hem repairs.
After a sewer has assembled the tools necessary to tackle a pattern, part of the process entails several elements of construction of the garment. Cutting on the gain or bias cut will be specified by the pattern. Stitches construction will include topstitching, staystitching, understitching and edgestitching. Sewing types include zigzag seam, plain seam, flat fell seam and many others.
Due to the broad range of sewing needs, sewing machines are now made for specialised purposes to the various sewing needs, such as computerised machines for embroidery, sergers for raw edge fabric finishing and quilting machines.
There are many tricks to learn and skills to acquire for techniques such as pattern-making and garment construction.
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